The cocoa harvest is not confined to one short period but is spread over several months once or twice a year. The timing of the cocoa harvest varies from country to country, depending on the climate and the variety of cocoa. In countries with a pronounced wet and dry season, the main crop occurs 5-6 months after the start of the wet season.
The percentage of crop harvested in the main crop season and the mid-crop season will vary from country to country. The biggest differential between main and mid crop harvests is in Africa where the mid-crop accounts for about 15%-20% of the total harvest; in other countries the differential is not so obvious.
The following table gives an idea of the main and mid crop seasons in selected countries.
|Country||Main crop||Mid crop|
|Congo, Democratic Republic||Sep-Mar||Apr-Sep|
|Papua New Guinea||Apr-Jul||Oct-Dec|
G.A.R. Wood, R.A. Lass, Cocoa. Longman, 4th Edition, 1985)
Cocoa to 1993: a commodity in crisis. Economist Intelligence Unit, 1993, p34
Gordian 57 (1958)