Six years



Nature of Project:

Sustainable cocoa production

Estimated total Cost:

US$ 10,504,553

Financing commited by CFC:

US$ 3,916,120


US$ 3,338,443

Counterpart Financing:

US$ 3,249,990

Project Executing Agency (PEA):

Bioversity International

Project Supervisory Body:

International Cocoa Organization (ICCO)

Project Starting Date:

March 2004

Completion Date:

December 2010

Brief Description

The main project activities were distribution and validation of promising planting materials on-farm through participatory approach; validation and dissemination of promising cocoa varieties through enhanced international collaboration; and exchange of information and dissemination of results.


Project Objectives

The overall objective of the project was to improve the welfare of smallholder cocoa farmers through higher and more sustainable productivity levels of good quality cocoa at lower production costs. The project aimed to contribute to this objective through the selection, distribution and use of new cocoa varieties with improved yield capacity, resistance to pests and pathogens and good quality traits.


Project Results

Approximately 2000 farms were surveyed in ten different countries and about 1,500 farm selections were established in on-station observation plots or in on-farm trial plots in eight countries. In addition, about 240 on-farm selection plots were established.

About 85 ha of variety trials established in the earlier project were evaluated and several new varieties were selected or confirmed for commercial distribution to farmers. International clone trials were established and evaluated. The average of the local clones yielded substantially more than the average of the international clones. A large germplasm enhancement programme for resistance to Phytophthora pod rot was carried out where about 70% of resistant or moderately resistant trees were obtained.

The project had significantly achieved its objectives. In particular, a number of cocoa varieties that are high yielding and pests and disease resistant have been released to cocoa farmers. In addition, a number of new and improved cocoa planting materials were being tested and validated on research fields for eventual release to farmers.

ICCO Secretariat

International Cocoa Organization
Westgate House
London W5 1YY
United Kingdom

Tel:  +44 (0)20 8991 6000
Fax: +44 (0)20 8997 4372
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

ICCO Agreements

The ICCO International Cocoa Agreement is available to download in Acrobat PDF format.

Go to the ICCO Agreements page

ICCO Membership Procedure

The procedures for becoming a member of the International Cocoa Organization are provided in Articles 52 to 57 of the International Cocoa Agreement, 2010.

How to Become an ICCO Member - International Cocoa Agreement 2010

CFC Website

The Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) is an autonomous intergovernmental financial institution established within the framework of the United Nations.

Go to the CFC website