Sustainability Initiatives - Timber
Independent Certification http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_forest_management
Growing environmental awareness and consumer demand for more socially responsible businesses helped third-party forest certification emerge in the 1990s as a credible tool for communicating the environmental and social performance of forest operations.
There are many potential users of certification, including: forest managers, investors, environmental advocates, business consumers of wood and paper, and individuals.
With forest certification, an independent organization develops standards of good forest management, and independent auditors issue certificates to forest operations that comply with those standards. This certification verifies that forests are well-managed-as defined by a particular standard-and ensures that certain wood and paper products come from responsibly managed forests.
This rise of certification led to the emergence of several different systems throughout the world. As a result, there is no single accepted forest management standard worldwide, and each system takes a somewhat different approach in defining standards for sustainable forest management.
Third-party forest certification is an important tool for those seeking to ensure that the paper and wood products they purchase and use come from forests that are well-managed and legally harvested. Incorporating third-party certification into forest product procurement practices can be a centerpiece for comprehensive wood and paper policies that include factors such as the protection of sensitive forest values, thoughtful material selection and efficient use of products.
There are more than 50 certification standards worldwide. Some common certification standards are:
- Canada's National Sustainable Forest Management Standard (CSA)
- Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)
- Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI)
- Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes (PEFC)
The area of forest certified worldwide is growing rapidly. As of December 2006, there were over 2,440,000 square kilometers of forest certified under the CSA, FSC or SFI standards, with over 1,237,000 square kilometers certified in Canada alone.
While certification is intended as a tool to enhance forest management practices throughout the world, to date most certified forestry operations are located in Europe and North America. A significant barrier for many forest managers in developing countries is that they lack the capacity to undergo a certification audit and maintain operations to a certification standard.
- Canadian Council of Forest Ministers' Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management
- Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: A Compendium. Paper compiled by Froylán Castañeda, Christel Palmberg-Lerche and Petteri Vuorinen, May 2001. Forest Management Working Papers, Working Paper 5. Forest Resources Development Service, Forest Resources Division. FAO, Rome (unpublished).
- Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE)
- The Montreal Process - Working Group on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests
- The Sustainable Forest Management Indicator Database a free new database of indicators of SFM from around the world; sponsored by the Government of British Columbia, Canada
- Sustainable Forestry: A Reality in Canada A brief description of Sustainable Forest Management Practices in Canada
- Report: International Conference on the Contribution of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: The Way Forward (CICI-2003). Volume 1. 3 - 7 February 2003, Guatemala City, Guatemala.
Report: FAO/ITTO Expert Consultation on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management. 2 - 4 March 2004, Cebu City, Philippines
- Forest and the European Union Resources Network (FERN)
- Canadian Standards Association Forest Products Marking Program
- Rainforest Rescue International (RRI)
- Forestry Horizons An independent forestry policy think-tank aiming to make forestry more valuable.
- Tropic Ventures Rainforest Enrichment and Sustainable Forestry Project is registered under the Auxiliary Forest Program of Puerto Rico, and is a demonstration project for students and foresters interested in the sustainable management and preservation of tropical rainforest land.
- Department of Forest Resources Management, UBC Forestry
- Sustainable Forest Management Research Group, UBC Forestry
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