How many smallholders are there worldwide producing cocoa? What proportion of cocoa worldwide is produced by smallholders?
Proportion of cocoa worldwide produced by smallholders: 'Almost 90% of production comes from smallholdings under 5 hectares.'
de Lattre-Gasquet, M., Despréaux, D., Barel, M., Prospective de la filière du cacao. (Prospective study of the cocoa commodity chain) Plantations, Recherche, Développement, 5 (6): 423- 434, November-December 1998.
Smallholders involved in cocoa, ICCO global estimates:
Smallholding averages 3 hectares (smallholding is usually defined as a farm holding of less than 10 hectares, range 2ha to 5ha)
2.5 million smallholders (could be up to 3 million, including those for whom cocoa is not the main activity)
Smallholder yields: Average 350kg/hectare (ranges from 200kg in Ecuador to 1,500kg for smallholders in Sulawesi, Indonesia. (Ghana 300kg, Cote d'Ivoire 450kg).
|Country/Region||Total number of workers (million)|
|Asia and Oceania||2.11|
|Papua New Guinea||0.10|