28 February 2013–The International Cocoa Organization today released its first forecasts for the 2012/2013 cocoa year and revised estimates of world production, grindings and stocks of cocoa beans for 2011/2012, summarized below. The data published in Issue No. 1 – Volume XXXIX – Cocoa year 2012/2013 of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics reflect the most recent information available to the Secretariat as at the middle of February 2013.

Summary of forecasts and revised estimates


Cocoa year
2011/2012 2012/2013 Year-on-year change
Previous estimatesa/ Revised estimates Forecasts
(thousand tonnes) (Per cent)
World production 4 052 4 075 4 003 – 72 – 1.8%
World grindings 3 921 3 948 4 008 + 60 + 1.5%
Surplus/deficit b/ + 90 + 86 – 45
End-of-season stocks 1 864 1 838 1 793 – 45 – 2.4%
Stocks/Grindings ratio 47.5% 46.6% 44.7%


a/   Estimates published in Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, Vol. XXXVIII – No. 4 – Cocoa year 2011/2012
b/   Surplus/deficit: current net world crop (gross crop adjusted for loss in weight) minus grindings

Totals and differences may differ due to rounding.

This issue of the Bulletin contains the Secretariat’s first forecasts for the 2012/2013 cocoa year, as well as data for the past four years of production and grindings of cocoa beans, detailed by country. The main features of the global cocoa market are illustrated in colour charts. In addition, the Bulletin includes comments on crop and demand prospects in the leading countries for the current season, and a review of price developments on international markets for cocoa beans during the October-December quarter of 2012.

Statistical information on trade in cocoa beans, cocoa products and chocolate, by country and by region, published in this edition, covers annual data from 2008/2009 to 2010/2011 and quarterly statistics for the period October-December 2010 to April-June 2012. Details of origin of imports and destination of exports for leading cocoa importing countries are also provided. Historical statistics on cocoa trade and consumption, by country and by region, for the period 2002/2003 to 2010/2011 are presented for reference.

Copies of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, including in Microsoft Excel files and in Adobe PDF format, can be ordered from the website or from the ICCO Secretariat at the address below:

International Cocoa Organization
Commonwealth House
1-19 New Oxford Street
London WC1A 1NU, UK

Tel:              +44 (0)20 7400 5050
Fax:             +44 (0)20 7421 5500
E-mail:         registry@icco.org or info@icco.org

LONDON, 22 February 2013—Blommer Chocolate Company, the largest cocoa processor and ingredient chocolate supplier in North America, has become the latest cocoa stakeholder to sign the Abidjan Cocoa Declaration, the ICCO revealed today.

President and Chief Operating Officer Peter Blommer signed the Declaration on 20 February on behalf of the Chicago-based family-owned company, which was founded in 1939, and has four North American plants, employing 650. Blommer’s activities aimed at advancing its cocoa sustainability agenda include privately managed programmes promoting sustainable farming in Côte d’Ivoire, Ecuador and Indonesia.

Blommer joins 30 other cocoa sector stakeholders–ranging from cocoa growers through their governments to civil society and most of the world’s largest manufacturers of chocolate–who began the signing of the ground-breaking agreement at a special ceremony during the World Cocoa Conference in Abidjan in November. The Declaration remains open to allow more cocoa stakeholder organizations to sign it.

The Abidjan Cocoa Declaration, which recommends specific and measurable actions to achieve a sustainable cocoa economy, reflects the more detailed proposals of the Global Cocoa Agenda. The important issues highlighted by the Agenda formed the basis of many of the presentations, discussions and panel sessions that took place at the World Cocoa Conference.

The Declaration is to be the first step in an ongoing process aimed at creating a sustainable future for the cocoa sector and helping to ensure that its benefits are shared along the entire chain, starting with the growers. Another World Cocoa Conference is planned in 2014 to monitor and review the progress made dealing with the issues outlined by the Declaration and the Agenda.

The texts of both the Abidjan Cocoa Declaration and the Global Cocoa Agenda, as well as most of the presentations that were delivered at the World Cocoa Conference, can be downloaded here.

The previous signatories to the Abidjan Cocoa Declaration were: Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, Togo, Papua New Guinea, Mars, Mondelez International, Nestlé, Petra Foods, Armajaro Trading Ltd, Barry Callebaut, Cargill, Ferrero Trading, Federation of Cocoa Commerce, Touton, ADM, CAOBISCO, World Cocoa Foundation, IDH (Dutch Sustainable Agriculture Initiative), ECA (European Cocoa Association), Olam International / Outspan Ivoire, ACP (The Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States), Talents (farmer), Amtrada/Continaf, CEMOI, ICI (International Cocoa Initiative), HCCO (Hamburg Cocoa & Commodity Office GmbH) and Noble Group.

LONDON, 14 February 2013–The ICCO is to lead a new initiative to tackle cocoa pests and diseases in West Africa, in partnership with the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC), the European Cocoa Association (ECA), the world’s two leading chocolate manufacturers, Mars and Mondelez International, and other companies expected to get involved.

The project, which will be launched in April, aims to tackle the cocoa pests and diseases that are the main challenges to sustainable cocoa economy. Together, they account for more than 40% of global crop losses in cocoa production, and result in reduced income for cocoa farmers. The “Integrated Management of Cocoa Pests and Pathogens in Africa” project is a US$3.2 million initiative that will address this issue in Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Togo, the source of 70% (about 2.8 million tonnes) of global cocoa production.

With the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG) coordinating activities on the ground, the project aims to gather forces and expertise in this region, building on past and existing initiatives in these countries, with the active support of the cocoa and chocolate industry, in order to improve the productivity on cocoa farms by reducing losses to indigenous cocoa pests and diseases. In addition, the project will strengthen in-country and regional capacity for improved pest surveillance for prevention of spread, early detection, eradication and continued management of existing and invasive pests and pathogens.

Among the major indigenous cocoa pests and diseases to be targeted by the project are those that cause significant crop losses in Africa: Mirids; Sting bugs; Stem borers; Black pod and Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus (CSSV). Also to be addressed is the recent emergence of parasitic plants such as mistletoes and epiphytes, which also threaten West African cocoa production.

Particular attention will be given to CSSV, as new outbreaks in Côte d’Ivoire are casting doubt over the future of production in a country that supplies almost 40% of the world’s cocoa. The viral disease is one of the most intractable and destructive to strike the cocoa industry in West Africa, and it has similar effects to witches’ broom disease, which cut cocoa production in Brazil by over 50% in the 1990s.

The initiative will be launched with a workshop bringing together research institutions and the industry, which is scheduled to be held in Accra, Ghana in April.